Agenda 2063: The Africa We Want was adopted during the 24th Session of the AU Assembly of Heads of State and Government in Addis Ababa, January 2013. The agenda advocates for stronger socio-economic and political integration among African countries and sets out measures to achieve these through seven aspirations and 20 specific goals, as well as a number of continental flagship programmes and therefore represents an important milestone in the history of African unity. However, If the AU institutions hope to raise greater awareness of and achieve better domestication of the 2063 agenda, it will help to conceptualise its key deliverables in terms of social contract theory, argues this commentary article by Sara Hamouda.