Yemeni women visit the Giza pyramids outside Cairo, Egypt after the COVID-19 restrictions are eased, July 2020Photo: Khaled Desouki /AFP

Imagine the ideal tourist destination: a magnet for people from all over the world, safe, full of beautiful natural sites, with urban delights such as music concerts and theatres, friendly locals, and perhaps even opportunities for business-minded individuals. These features would only be possible in a well-run state that is politically stable, with a developed middle class and decreasing poverty, efficient public transport, and thriving cultural activities.Measured against this picture, only relatively wealthy African countries qualify as tourist attractions, mainly because of colonisation, underdevelopment, instability, poverty and crime.

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Yunus Momoniat is a researcher and writer at South African History Online and an occasional political commentator.