Nigeria, Angola and Ghana are among the top oil producers in Africa. With revenues largely backed by fossil remuneration, the mantra to go green on fuels might sound hollow, but there are plans in place waiting for real action. At the same time, there are calls for a more realistic “neither one or the other” approach that recognises the inclusion of fossil fuels for Africa’s oil producers in their transition to green economies. This is well articulated by two experienced clean energy policy researchers, Morgan Bazilian and Benjamin Attia both from the Payne Institute, Colorado School of Mines, who write that: “The blunt exclusion of all non-renewable energy projects from development finance is an inequitable and ineffective climate strategy that gaslights more than one billion Africans.”  

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Munyaradzi Makoni is a journalist based in Cape Town, South Africa. He writes mostly on agriculture, climate change, environment, health, higher education, sustainable development and science in general. Some of his work has appeared in Hakai magazine, Intellectual Property Watch, IPS, Mongabay, Nature, Nature Index, Physics World, Science,, The Lancet, Thomson Reuters Foundation, and University World News, among others.