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Creole rising

Creole rising

West Africa: new languages Pidgin and creole emerged to serve trade, but what of their longer-term use and acceptance? By Simon Akam When I lived in Sierra Leone’s capital, Freetown, my house had a...

Living on the frontline

Living on the frontline

Development efforts by local authorities in a bid to deal with urbanisation have increased incidences of forced evictions, sometimes with deadly consequences The bulldozers arrived late at night...

A shark’s tale

A shark’s tale

European commercial trawlers are encroaching on west African fishing grounds, challenging governments to improve their natural-resource governance George Francis, 63, is a rugged fisherman and...

Informal transport versus the state

Informal transport versus the state

Informal transport operators in the Sierra Leone capital face levies, bans, fines and government disregard Ibrahim Shaw has driven a taxi in Freetown for 16 years. The constant sound of his horn as...