Robert Mugabe
Civil-military relations: An uneasy alliance

Civil-military relations: An uneasy alliance

Africa’s post-liberation legacy of toxic civil-military relations Unable to achieve their political objectives by peaceful means, African national liberation movements took up arms to compete for power militarily....

Africa’s mass trauma 

Africa’s mass trauma 

Since the end of colonialism, apartheid and white-minority regimes, many African countries appear to have had disproportionally large numbers of psychopathic, narcissistic and just mean-spirited leaders. All these...

All-out war over land and water

All-out war over land and water

The African Union is mobilising resources to help members implement the Paris Agreement, but funding challenges abound. Land erosion, drought and desertification, flooding, the Sahara Desert expanding southward at a...