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A painful history

Africa: the transatlantic slave trade Slavery was virtually a universal institution in countries around the world for thousands of years It is safe to say that in the popular imagination slavery is...

Hostile terms

Hostile terms

Africa: ‘tribalism’ Over a century of deeply racist Western literature continues to influence notions of ‘blackness’ and what it means to be an African By Milton Allimadi When I wrote my master’s...

Creole rising

West Africa: new languages Pidgin and creole emerged to serve trade, but what of their longer-term use and acceptance? By Simon Akam When I lived in Sierra Leone’s capital, Freetown, my house had a...