Africa Survey

The Africa Survey is a comprehensive collection of close on 2,000 economic, social and political indicators drawn from over 80 sources for all African countries. Updated annually, with trend analysis and capacity for tailored research, it is an indispensable resource for analysts, investors and business people alike.
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Did you know that a total of 9 262 300 deaths were recorded as a result of episodes of major political violence in African countries from 1946 to 2016?

Source: Center Systemic Peace, Major Episodes of Political Violence 1946-2014


“Rights to Land” – Land restitution, initiated in 1994, was an important response to the injustices of the apartheid era. But it was intended as a limited and short-term process – initially to be completed in five years.
Instead, the process may continue for decades, creating uncertainty and undermining investment in agriculture.
In this GGA publication, William Beinart, Peter Delius and Michelle Hey provide an analysis of what went so badly wrong, and warm that a new phase of restitution may ignite conflicting ethnic claims and facilitate elite capture of land and rural resources.
They argue that while there are no quick fixes, the first phase of restitution should be completed and the policy then curtailed. Land reform urgently needs to prioritize employment creation, production and economic growth.
They also argue for a move away from communalist and traditionalist policies and for a focus on cementing individual and family land rights.
They propose that all South Africans should hold their land in systems that are as secure as ownership and suggest a three-pronged approach: effective implementation of the Interim Protection of Informal Land Rights Act (1996) and similar legislation; clear definition by the courts of the strengths of family and individual rights to customary and informal landholdings; and amended legislation to upgrade existing holdings.
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“Extremisms in Africa” – In 2017, as part of its National Security Programme, GGA published an anthology on extremisms in Africa, bringing together scholars and practitioners from varied backgrounds and disciplines to better understand the challenge posed by extremist organisations in Africa and what could be done to mitigate their threat to peace and security. Extremisms in Africa provided an account of how extremist groups arose in Africa and the ways in which they have harnessed their global agendas to local conflict dynamics and structural challenges, enabling them to exploit the grievances of individuals and communities. The anthology also challenged the efficacy of purely militarised responses to extremism movements.

A second GGA anthology, Extremisms in Africa Vol 2, is available now. This anthology looks forward, paying special attention to the ways in which emergent trends, global geopolitics and conflict dynamics merge to impact on the African continent. To this end, we have sought to engage with diverse subjects, ranging from ecological concerns surrounding climate change and migration, and the implications such human movement has for modern-day trafficking and slavery, to the role of women and youth.

Both books emphasise the importance of understanding local history, culture and regional geopolitics, among a variety of context specific factors, to understand and address the emergence and spread of extremisms in Africa.

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