Most of sub-Saharan Africa’s cities are ill prepared for the rapid and dramatic population increase that will occur by 2035.

Julia Bello-Sch√ľnemann is a senior research consultant for the African Futures and Innovation programme at the Institute for Security Studies (ISS) and a senior associate consultant for Good Governance Africa. Based in Lagos, Nigeria, her research focuses on long-term trends in sub-Saharan Africa, including urbanisation, demographics, development and violence. As a consultant, she has provided policy advice to the European Union (EU) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), among others. She has a PhD in international relations from the Complutense University of Madrid, Spain.