Sunday evening, 22 March, and President Cyril Ramaphosa made the announcement: South Africa was on a 21-day lockdown. The daily commute and face-to-face conversations with colleagues and beneficiaries were abruptly halted for many Africans in an effort to curb the disease on everybody’s mind – Covid 19. For a teacher at a rural school who relies on daily contact with learners and parents, this posed a challenge and – faced with a choice: am I going to be part of a proactive solution or sleep and count down the hours while aimlessly scrolling on social media on my iPhone (that is if I had one)?
Sindisiwe Tsheka lives in the rural village of Kantolo, in the poorest province of South Africa, the Eastern Cape. She has been confined to her home since 19 March. Sindisiwe had been supporting the elementary teachers at Kantolo Primary School by advising on how to implement Montessori principles in the classroom. Even during the lockdown, when no one is watching, Sindisiwe is a role model of proudly initiating projects. She had noted the teachers’ and parents’ needs in her community and decided to use this time to contribute to solutions. For example, safe, uncontaminated communal water resources are a necessity. So, she and her colleague, Hombakazi Mpetshwa, made a prototype of a tap out of a five litre plastic bottle to display for others to observe and copy. Statistics have also shown a sharp increase in domestic violence cases since the start of lockdown. Sindisiwe completed a webinar certificate on combating stress with art.
The teachers also realised that the lack of resources for outdoor play was a challenge. Sindiswe’s proactive solution was to make skipping ropes out of plastic shopping bags. Montessori philosophy stresses the importance of purposeful work. Children (and adults) find satisfaction in activities that challenge them beyond their zone of proximal development (Vygotsky). When children are not provided with the opportunity to follow their interests, choose and grapple with directive activities, they become frustrated and misunderstood as being “undisciplined” (Standing, 1998). Children are often labelled as naughty or thought to have a short attention span, when in fact all they need is work. Many of us might be experiencing the frustration of lack of purposeful activity during the lockdown. Work does not mean exclusively occupational, it is the activity, focusing energy into something with an outcome.
If you are feeling frustrated and lack the motivation to get out of bed in the morning to join the office Teams meeting, maybe it is time to follow your interest, find a task and immerse yourself in it. Become a child again and discover the wonder of work.
Reference: Standing, E.M. 1998, Maria Montessori, Her Life and Work, Penguin books, New York
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Our Child Development and Youth Formation team visited the Kantolo Early Childhood Development centre in March. The team took with them learning and play materials for the children and also conducted interviews with the principal, the teachers, as well as some of the parents and children. Our most pressing challenges continue to be infrastructure, nutrition and literacy levels, but the children are adapting well to the Montessori methodology and they are enjoying their daily activities. The changes are being done incrementally and with the involvement of several stakeholders.
From the interviews conducted on this visit it was clear that GGA’s intervention in introducing the Montessori methodology at the centre is having a positive impact on both the standard of education on offer and the performance of the children. The good results achieved thus far have led to a surge in the number of children attending the Kantolo ECD centre, which currently serves 86 learners.
GGA’s Lead researcher and some of the Kantolo ECD learners.
In addition, a young woman from the Mbizana municipality area has embarked on a new learning journey with the Indaba Montessori Institute. GGA is offering this young change-influencer an all-expenses paid opportunity to study towards an internationally accredited diploma in elementary education. The candidate, who is undergoing extensive training with the institute, now has an opportunity that we believe will benefit her, her immediate family, and the rest of the Mbizana community through the community development work she has committed to undertake.
We are excited to begin this term in collaboration with Kantolo pre-school, an ECD centre in Mbizana, Eastern Cape. This year, 2019, marks the second year of implementation of GGA’s Child Development and Youth Formation programme in this community.
This year, we welcome 72 learners full of hope and Ubuntu. The challenges we are facing this year are related to birth certificates and overcrowding, which has been a constant in this community.
GGA is working hard to promote inter-institutional dialogue between the Department of Home Affairs and the Department of Social Development to enable our learners to achieve normality in this early stage of their academic life.
For this term, we have planned a series of workshops involving parents and extended families. GGA continues with excitement the implementation of the Montessori methodology at the ECD centre, which has already proven to be having a positive impact on the learners. We are energised to be part of the process of planting the seeds of peace, ethics and abundance thinking among these wonderful children.